A major aim of the National Nanotechnology Initiative is to maximize the return on the Federal Government's investment in nanoscale R&D. Therefore, communicating with the business community on current research activities, partnership opportunities, and available resources is a high priority.
To facilitate nanotechnology R&D, Government infrastructure is available to researchers through a number of nanotechnology centers, including the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, the Network for Computational Nanotechnology, the DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers, the Naval Research Laboratory's Institute for Nanoscience, and through the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. For a full list, see NNI R&D Centers & Networks.
In addition to these facilities, many universities are willing to work with businesses in research collaborations. Contact a university's technology transfer office directly for information on possible collaborations.
Moving technology from laboratories to the marketplace is the challenge following discovery. The Federal Government has many resources to foster such technology transfer.
The Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC) is the nationwide network of Federal laboratories that provides the forum to develop strategies and opportunities for linking the laboratory mission technologies and expertise with the marketplace. The FLC was organized in 1974 and formally chartered by the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 to promote and to strengthen technology transfer nationwide. Today, more than 700 major Federal laboratories and centers and their parent departments and agencies are FLC members.
The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) continually looks for opportunities to partner with private sector businesses, other Federal agencies, state and local governments, universities, and its customers. These partnerships are designed to augment research programs, expedite research results to the private sector, exchange information and knowledge, stimulate new business and economic development, enhance U.S. trade, preserve the environment, and improve the quality of life for all Americans.
TechLink is a US Department of Defense (DOD) Partnership Intermediary based at Montana State University, Bozeman. Techlink’s primary activity is brokering license agreements between DOD labs and US industry for manufacture and use of DOD inventions. These inventions involve virtually all technology fields, including medicine, software, electronics, communications, advanced materials, and energy-related technologies.
National user facilities promote important interactions among industry, academic, and government researchers. These facilities are an important mechanism through which nanotechnology can find its way into commercial applications.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has an Electronic Business Center to allow for online searches of approved and pending patents. Patent searches in nanotechnology are facilitated by a nanotechnology classification. The main website of USPTO has useful information on intellectual property law, as well as guidance on the patent filing process.
Federal Report on Technology Transfer
- Return on Investment Initiative for Unleashing American Innovation (released by NIST, April 2019)
Federal Legislation Related to Technology Transfer
See also Funding Opportunities
See also Mechanisms of NNI Interaction with Industry and States (2009)