Press Releases: Research Funded by Agencies Participating in the National Nanotechnology Initiative

The following press releases describe the results of research activities that are funded by Federal agencies that participate in the National Nanotechnology Initiative.
  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the National Science Foundation)

    UCLA researchers have developed a new technique for creating membrane filters that could offer a way for manufacturers to produce more effective and energy-efficient membranes using high-performance plastics, metal-organic frameworks, and carbon materials. To date, limitations in how filters are fabricated have prevented those materials from being viable in industrial production.

  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation)

    A team of engineers at Tufts University has developed a transistor made from linen thread, enabling them to create electronic devices made entirely of thin threads that could be woven into fabric, worn on the skin, or even (theoretically) implanted surgically for diagnostic monitoring.

  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Defense)

    Bioengineers and dentists have developed a new hydrogel that is more porous and effective in promoting tissue repair and regeneration. Once injected in a mouse model, the new hydrogel is shown to induce migration of naturally occurring stem cells to better promote bone healing.

  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy)

    A team of scientists has developed a molecular propeller that enables unidirectional rotations on a material surface when energized. In nature, molecule propellers are vital in many biological applications ranging from the swimming bacteria to intracellular transport, but synthetic molecular propellers, like what has been developed, can operate in harsher environments and under a precise control.

  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation)

    Missouri S&T researchers are demonstrating a new concept to reconstruct holographic images by using a single two-dimensional material monolayer with the thickness of less than one nanometer. Their work could lead to the creation of smart watches with holographic displays, printed security cryptograms on bank notes and credit cards, and new possibilities for data storage.

  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation)

    Most pharmaceuticals must either be ingested or injected into the body to do their work, and it takes some time for them to reach their intended targets. Also, these pharmaceuticals tend to spread out to other areas of the body. Now, researchers at MIT and elsewhere have developed a system to deliver medical treatments that can be released at precise times, minimally invasively, and that ultimately could also deliver those drugs to specifically targeted areas such as a specific group of neurons in the brain.

  • August 21, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Defense, and the National Science Foundation)

    Researchers at the University of Michigan College of Pharmacy have developed a nanoparticle that alters the gut microbiome and alleviates symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in mice more effectively than common FDA-approved medications. IBD is an umbrella term for chronic debilitating and sometimes fatal diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn's, which are characterized by inflammation in the digestive tract.

  • August 20, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health)

    Many diagnostic tests require blood, but researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a skin patch with tiny needles that painlessly collect interstitial fluid for testing. Diagnostic tests can measure trace amounts of essential proteins or hormones in the blood called biomarkers. High or low levels of biomarkers are specific indicators for a disease.

  • August 20, 2019
    (Funded by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research and the National Institutes of Health)

    Ambitious efforts are underway to map the presence and abundance of proteins in organs and tissues of the human body at the scale of single cells. But existing imaging methods are limited in their performance, their accessibility to researchers, or both. Now, researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biological Engineering and Harvard Medical School have developed a DNA-nanotechnology-based approach that enables the visualization of many proteins in the same sample.

  • August 20, 2019
    (Funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the National Science Foundation)

    Researchers at Purdue University have created a quantum spin wave for light, which can be a carrier of information for future nanotechnologies. Optical spin has possible applications in fiber optics, plasmonics, resonators, and quantum metrology.

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