NNI in the News

Archive of news stories highlighted on nano.gov's homepage.
Tech Xplore - July 17, 2019
(Funded by the National Science Foundation and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
Researchers at the University of Michigan have developed the first programmable memristor computer, which could lead to the processing of artificial intelligence directly on small, energy-constrained devices such as smartphones and sensors. A smartphone AI processor would mean that voice commands would no longer have to be sent to the cloud for interpretation, speeding up response time. Memristors represent one of today’s latest technological advances in nanoelectronics.
Phys.org - July 10, 2019
(Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation)
Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that highly porous materials can absorb key components of a class of toxic chemicals found in 43 U.S. states. These nano-sized porous materials, called metal-organic frameworks, can quickly take up fluorinated compounds that were widely used in firefighting foam and non-stick cookware.
Phys.org - July 09, 2019
(Funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Office of Naval Research, the National Science Foundation and the U. S. Department of Energy)
Researchers at the University of California Los Angeles have developed an ultra-sensitive light-detecting system that could enable astronomers to view galaxies, stars and planetary systems in superb detail. The system works at room temperature—an improvement over similar technology that only works in temperatures nearing 270 degrees below zero Celsius, or minus 454 degrees Fahrenheit.
CBS News - July 03, 2019
(Funded by the National Institutes of Health)
Researchers report a possible new way to eliminate HIV from an infected animal’s genome. In a study involving 29 mice, the team used a combination of a modified antiretroviral treatment to keep the virus at low activity levels, along with a powerful gene-editing technique that snipped out HIV genes from infected cells. The scientists found no trace of the virus in 30% of the animals.
Science Codex - June 19, 2019
(Funded by the National Institutes of Health)
Scientists have used a gene editing method to generate mice that mimic a fatal respiratory disorder in newborn infants that turns their lips and skin blue. The new laboratory animal model allowed researchers to pinpoint the ailment's cause and develop a potential nanoparticle-based treatment.
Science Daily - June 18, 2019
(Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy)
Researchers have demonstrated an advanced manufacturing process that produces, in a single step, nanostructured rods and tubes directly from high-performance aluminum alloy powder while also achieving a significant increase in product ductility (how far a material can stretch before it breaks). This is good news for sectors such as the automotive industry, where the high cost of manufacturing has historically limited the use of high-strength aluminum alloys made from powders.
Science Daily - June 18, 2019
(Funded by the National Science Foundation and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research)
Researchers have shown that they could boost the efficiency of a nanotechnology-enabled solar membrane desalination system by more than 50% by adding inexpensive plastic lenses to concentrate sunlight into 'hot spots.’ The solar desalination system reduces production costs, and engineers are working to scale it up for applications in remote areas that have no access to electricity.
IEEE Spectrum - June 12, 2019
(Funded by the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation)
Researchers have developed a technology that uses a laser beam to detect and destroy tumor cells in the veins of patients with melanoma, a deadly form of skin cancer. The research team was able to kill a high percentage of the cancer-spreading cells, in real time, as they raced through the veins of the participants. If developed further, the tool could give doctors a harmless, noninvasive, and thorough way to hunt and destroy cancer cells before those cells can form new tumors in the body.
S - June 11, 2019
(Funded by the National Science Foundation)
Engineers have devised a way to pattern the surface of a diamond that makes it easier to collect light from the defects inside. Called a metalens, this surface structure contains nanoscale features that bend and focus the light emitted by the defects. This work could enable the creation of a system that would form the basis for compact quantum technologies.
Nanowerk - June 10, 2019
(Funded by the National Science Foundation)
Researchers have combined 2D materials with oxide materials in a new way, using a transistor-scale device platform. A small flake of a 2D material is deposited onto a ferroelectric material, and then a voltage is applied to the ferroelectric, causing the 2D material to stretch, which triggers a phase change that can completely change the way the material behaves.