AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research

AFRI Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (USDA/NIFA)

AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory

AFRL/RI Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate

AFRL/RX Air Force Research Laboratory Materials and Manufacturing Directorate

ARDEC Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center (DOD/U.S. Army)

ARL Army Research Laboratory ARO Army Research Office (DOD)

ARS Agricultural Research Service (USDA) BIS Bureau of Industry and Security (DOC)

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS)

CEMMSS Cyber-Enabled Materials, Manufacturing, and Smart Systems (NSF program) 

CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor

CN cellulose nanomaterial(s)

CNS Centers for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University and University of California, Santa Barbara (CNS-ASU and CNS-UCSB) (NSF)

CNST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (DOC/NIST)

CNT carbon nanotube

CoR Community of Research

CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission

DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DHHS Department of Health and Human Services

DHS Department of Homeland Security

DNI Director of National Intelligence DOC Department of Commerce

DOD Department of Defense

DOE Department of Energy

DOEd Department of Education

DOE-SC DOE Office of Science

DOJ Department of Justice

DOL Department of Labor

DOS Department of State

DOT Department of Transportation

DOTreas Department of the Treasury

DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DOD)

EERE (Office of) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (DOE)

EHS environment(al), health, and safety

ELSI ethical, legal, and societal implications

ENG Engineering Directorate of NSF

ENM engineered nanomaterial

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

ERC Engineering Research Centers (NSF)

ERDC Engineer Research and Development Center (DOD/U.S. Army)

EU European Union

FDA Food and Drug Administration (DHHS)

FHWA Federal Highway Administration (DOT)

FOA Funding Opportunity Announcement

FS Forest Service (USDA)

HFCT Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Technology program (DOE)

IC Intelligence Community ISO International Organization for Standardization

I/UCRC Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (NSF)

LED light-emitting diode

MEMS microelectromechanical systems

Meso Mesodynamic Architectures (program) (DOD/DARPA)

MPS Mathematical and Physical Sciences Directorate of NSF

MRSEC Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (NSF)

nanoEHS nanotechnology environment, health, and safety (research, etc.)

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCI National Cancer Institute (DHHS/NIH)

NCL Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (DHHS/NIH/NCI)

NEHI Nanotechnology Environmental and Health Implications Working Group (of the NSET Subcommittee)

NERC Nanosystems Engineering Research Centers (NSF)

NGO nongovernmental organization

NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (DHHS/NIH)

NIBIB National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (DHHS/NIH)

NICE Nanotechnology Innovation and Commercialization Ecosystem

NIDCR National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (DHHS/NIH)

NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (DHHS/NIH)

NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA) NIH National Institutes of Health (DHHS)

NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (DHHS/CDC)

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology (DOC)

NITRD Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program

NKI Nanotechnology Knowledge Infrastructure (Nanotechnology Signature Initiative)

nm nanometer(s)

NNCO National Nanotechnology Coordination Office

NNI National Nanotechnology Initiative

NNIN National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network

NNMI National Network for Manufacturing Innovation

NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission

NRC-Canada National Research Council of Canada

NRI Nanoelectronics Research Initiative

NRL Navy Research Laboratory

NRO National Reconnaissance Office (IC/DNI)

NSE nanoscale science and engineering

NSEC Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers (NSF)

NSET Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee of the NSTC

NSF National Science Foundation

NSI Nanotechnology Signature Initiative

NSRC Nanoscale Science Research Centers (DOE)

NSTC National Science and Technology Council

NTP National Toxicology Program (DHHS/NIH/multiagency)

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OLED organic light-emitting diode

OMB Office of Management and Budget (Executive Office of the President)

ONR Office of Naval Research

OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (DOL)

OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy (Executive Office of the President)

PCA Program Component Area of the National Nanotechnology Initiative

PCAST President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

PV photovoltaic

QESST Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies (NSF/DOE Engineering Research Center)

RFA request for applications

RFI request for information

SBIR Small Business Innovation Research Program

SETP Solar Energy Technology Program (DOE/EERE)

SI International System of Units

SSL solid-state lighting

STAR Science to Achieve Results (EPA)

STARnet Semiconductor Technology Advanced Research Network (AFRL, DARPA, industry, universities)

STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

STTR Small Business Technology Transfer Research Program

TAPPI Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry

TONIC Translation of Nanotechnology in Cancer

USAF U.S. Air Force

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

USITC U.S. International Trade Commission

USPTO U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (DOC)

WMD(s) weapon(s) of mass destruction