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Press Releases: Research Funded by Agencies Participating in the National Nanotechnology Initiative

(Funded in part by the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Department of Energy)

Engineers at Rice University have created microscopic seeds for growing remarkably uniform 2D perovskite crystals that are both stable and highly efficient at harvesting electricity from sunlight. In laboratory tests, photovoltaic devices made from the 2D perovskite crystals proved both efficient and reliable, a previously problematic combination for devices made from either 3D or 2D perovskites.

(Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Defense)

Scientists at Rice University have shown that adding organic fluorine compounds and fluoride precursors to elemental carbon black turns it into several hard-to-get allotropes when flashed, including fluorinated nanodiamonds, fluorinated turbostratic graphene, and fluorinated concentric carbon. The duration of the flash, between 10 and 500 milliseconds, determines the final carbon allotrope.

(Funded by the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Defense)

An international team of physicists led by the University of Minnesota has discovered that a unique superconducting metal is more resilient when used as a very thin layer only a few atomic layers thick. The research is the first step toward a larger goal of understanding unconventional superconducting states in materials, which could possibly be used in quantum computing in the future.

(Funded by the U.S. Department of Defense and the National Institutes of Health)

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed immune cell-mimicking nanoparticles that target inflammation in the lungs and deliver drugs directly where they are needed. As a proof of concept, the researchers filled the nanoparticles with the drug dexamethasone and administered them to mice with inflamed lung tissue. Inflammation was completely treated in mice given the nanoparticles, at a drug concentration where standard delivery methods did not have any efficacy.

(Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation)

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford University have captured the real-time electrical activity of a beating heart, using a sheet of graphene to record an optical image of the faint electric fields generated by the rhythmic firing of the heart's muscle cells. The graphene camera represents a new type of sensor useful for studying cells and tissues that generate electrical voltages, including groups of neurons or cardiac muscle cells.

(Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation)

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford University have captured the real-time electrical activity of a beating heart, using a sheet of graphene to record an optical image of the faint electric fields generated by the rhythmic firing of the heart's muscle cells. The graphene camera represents a new type of sensor useful for studying cells and tissues that generate electrical voltages, including groups of neurons or cardiac muscle cells.

(Funded in part by the National Science Foundation)

The energy density of traditional lithium-ion batteries is approaching a saturation point that cannot meet the demands of the future – for example in electric vehicles. However, lithium metal batteries can provide double the energy per unit weight when compared to lithium-ion batteries. The biggest challenge hindering the application of lithium metal batteries is the formation of lithium dendrites, which are small, needle-like structures, over the lithium metal anode. These dendrites often continue to grow until they pierce the separator membrane, causing the battery to short-circuit and ultimately destroying it. Now, scientists at Boston University, Wayne State University, and Friedrich Schiller University in Germany have succeeded in preventing dendrite formation by using carbon nanomembrane-modified separators.

(Funded by the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Defense)

An international team of physicists led by the University of Minnesota has discovered that a unique superconducting metal is more resilient when used as a very thin layer only a few atomic layers thick. The research is the first step toward a larger goal of understanding unconventional superconducting states in materials, which could possibly be used in quantum computing in the future.

(Funded by the National Institutes of Health)

Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have designed a new class of materials that are both sensors and nanogenerators. This type of material, called a self-aware metamaterial, acts as its own sensor, recording and relaying important information about the pressure and stresses on its structure. It also generates its own power and can be used for a wide array of sensing and monitoring applications. The most innovative facet of the work is its scalability: The same design works at both the nanoscale and the macroscale by tailoring the design geometry. 

(Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy)

Lithium-ion batteries work by moving lithium ions back and forth between two electrodes that temporarily store charge. Ideally, those ions are the only things moving in and out of the billions of nanoparticles that make up each electrode. But oxygen atoms leak out of the nanoparticles as lithium moves back and forth. So far, the details have been hard to pin down because the signals from these leaks are too small to measure directly. Now, researchers from Stanford University, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the U.S. Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology in South Korea have measured the leakage by looking at how oxygen loss modifies the chemistry and structure of the nanoparticles.