Press Releases: Research Funded by Agencies Participating in the National Nanotechnology Initiative

The following press releases describe the results of research activities that are funded by Federal agencies that participate in the National Nanotechnology Initiative.
  • August 27, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

    Researchers from Northwestern University have developed a novel way to track how nanoparticles interact with cancer cells and whether they reach their targets. The team’s work shows that if a nanoparticle targets cancer cells, it undergoes more rotational and translational movement compared to nanoparticles that cannot target cancer cells effectively.

  • August 27, 2019
    (Funded by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, and the National Institutes of Health)

    Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have developed a new microfabricated sensor array that performs 3D electrophysiology of cellular organoids. Their work demonstrates that the device can be designed to wrap around small organoids and measure voltage changes across the surface of the organoids without leading to significant loss of viability of the cells.

  • August 27, 2019
    (Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy)

    Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have created “resists”—materials that are used as templates for transferring circuit patterns into device-useful substrates such as silicon – that combine the organic polymer poly(methyl methacrylate), or PMMA, with inorganic aluminum oxide. These “hybrid” organic-inorganic resists enable the patterning of high-resolution silicon nanostructures with a high aspect ratio.

  • August 27, 2019
    (Funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the National Science Foundation)

    Human pathogens have molecular fingerprints that are difficult to distinguish. To better detect these pathogens, sensors in diagnostic tools need to manipulate light on a nanoscale. To manufacture these light-manipulation devices without damaging the sensors, Purdue University engineers have integrated light-manipulation devices onto peelable films that can stick to any surface.

  • August 27, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation)

    Researchers have shown that multilayer graphene can provide a two-fold defense against mosquito bites. The ultra-thin yet strong material acts as a barrier that mosquitoes are unable to bite through. At the same time, experiments showed that graphene also blocks chemical signals mosquitoes use to sense that a blood meal is near, blunting their urge to bite in the first place.

  • August 27, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health)

    Researchers have revealed previously unknown factors that contribute to the hardening of arteries and plaque growth, which cause heart disease. Their insight is the basis for a promising therapeutic approach to halt and potentially reverse plaque buildup and the progression of disease, the researchers said.

  • August 26, 2019
    (Funded by the National Science Foundation)

    A physicist at the University of Texas at Dallas has teamed with Texas Instruments Inc. to design a better way for electronics to convert waste heat into reusable energy. The collaborative project has demonstrated that silicon’s ability to harvest energy from heat can be greatly increased while remaining mass-producible.

  • August 26, 2019
    (Funded by the National Institutes of Health)

    How do you know a cell has a fever? Take its temperature. That’s now possible thanks to research by Rice University scientists who used the light-emitting properties of particular molecules to create a fluorescent nano-thermometer.

  • August 23, 2019
    (Funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

    Researchers at the University of Illinois and the Missouri University of Science and Technology have modeled a method to manipulate nanoparticles as an alternative mode of propulsion for tiny spacecraft that require very small levels of thrust. The technique is based on a field of physics called plasmonics that studies how optical light or optical electromagnetic waves, interact with nanoscale structures.

  • August 22, 2019
    (Funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency)

    A research team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology demonstrates the use of CRISPR as a control element in a new type of stimuli-responsive "smart" materials. Upon activation by DNA stimuli, a CRISPR-Cas enzyme enables smart materials to release fluorescent dyes and active enzymes, deploy encapsulated nanoparticles and live cells, or regulate electric circuits.

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