NNI Budget

The President’s 2019 Budget provides nearly $1.4 billion for the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a continued investment in basic research, early-stage applied research, and technology transfer efforts that will lead to the breakthroughs of the future. Cumulatively totaling almost $27 billion since the inception of the NNI in 2001 (including the 2019 request), this support reflects the continued importance of investments that advance our fundamental understanding of and ability to control matter at the nanoscale, as well as the translation of that knowledge into technological breakthroughs that serve the American people. The NNI investments in 2017 and 2018 and those proposed for 2019 reflect a sustained emphasis on broad, fundamental research in nanoscience to provide a continuing pipeline of new discoveries that will enable future transformative commercial products and services.
Federal organizations with the largest investments are:
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH): nanotechnology-based biomedical research at the intersection of life and physical sciences
  • National Science Foundation (NSF): fundamental research and education across all disciplines of science and engineering
  • Department of Energy (DOE): fundamental and applied research providing a basis for new and improved energy technologies 
  • Department of Defense (DOD): science and engineering research advancing defense and dual-use capabilities
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): fundamental research and development of measurement and fabrication tools, analytical methodologies, metrology, and standards for nanotechnology
Other agencies and agency components investing in mission-related nanotechnology research are the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice (including the National Institute of Justice), the Department of the Interior (including the U.S. Geological Survey), the Department of Transportation (including the Federal Highway Administration), the Environmental Protection Agency, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (including the Agricultural Research Service, the Forest Service, and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture).
The table below shows NNI investments for 2017 through 2019 for Federal agencies with budgets and investments for nanotechnology R&D (from the 2019 Budget Supplement, page 4).
* 2018 numbers are based on annualized 2018 continuing resolution levels and are subject to change based on final appropriations and operating plans.
** Funding levels for DOE include the combined budgets of the Office of Science, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the Office of Fossil Energy, the Office of Nuclear Energy, and the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Energy.
*** Totals may not add, due to rounding.
For clarification of agency abbreviations used in the table, see the Acronyms page.