NNI Budget

The President’s 2021 Budget requests over $1.7 billion for the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), with an increased investment in the foundational research that will lead to discoveries that will advance a wide range of areas including key Industries of the Future. Cumulatively totaling over $31 billion (including the 2021 request), this support reflects the continued importance of research to understand matter at the nanoscale and to translate this knowledge into technological breakthroughs that benefit the American people.

 Federal organizations with the largest investments are: 

·         National Institutes of Health (NIH): nanotechnology-based biomedical research at the intersection of life and physical sciences.

·         National Science Foundation (NSF): fundamental research and education across all disciplines of science and engineering.

·         Department of Energy (DOE): fundamental and applied research providing a basis for new and improved energy technologies. 

·         Department of Defense (DOD): science and engineering research advancing defense and dual-use capabilities.

·         National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): fundamental research and development of measurement and fabrication tools, analytical methodologies, metrology, and standards for nanotechnology.

Other agencies and agency components investing in mission-related nanotechnology research are the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice (including the National Institute of Justice), the Department of the Interior (including the Bureau of Reclamation and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement), the Department of Transportation (including the Federal Highway Administration), the Environmental Protection Agency, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Center for Environmental Health, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (including the Agricultural Research Service, the Forest Service, and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture).

The table below shows NNI investments for 2019 through 2021 for Federal agencies with budgets and investments for nanotechnology R&D (from the 2021 Budget Supplement, page 7).

For clarification of agency abbreviations used in the table, see the Acronyms page.

Click here to view the Nano Dashboard, which includes additional details on current and previous-year NNI budgets.